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安宁河断裂带土壤汞的分布特征

张磊 刘耀炜 包创 郭丽爽

引用本文: 张磊, 刘耀炜, 包创, 郭丽爽. 2019. 安宁河断裂带土壤汞的分布特征. 地震学报, 41(2): 249-258. doi: 10.11939/jass.20180141 shu
Citation:  Zhang Lei, Liu Yaowei, Bao Chuang, Guo Lishuang. 2019. Distribution characteristics of soil mercury in Anninghe fault zone. Acta Seismologica Sinica41(2): 249-258. doi: 10.11939/jass.20180141 shu

安宁河断裂带土壤汞的分布特征

    通讯作者: 刘耀炜, liuyw20080512@126.com
摘要: 对安宁河断裂带地表破裂带土壤的总汞(THg)、总有机碳(TOC)和主量元素的含量进行了研究。结果表明,在小庙和紫马跨地表破裂带测线上,土壤THg与土壤气Hg含量的峰值位置较为一致,能够指示出断裂带释放Hg的通道位置。小庙、羊福山、野鸡洞和紫马跨地表破裂带土壤垂向剖面上THg与TOC的相关系数表明,TOC是影响土壤THg含量的重要因素。通过土壤THg与TOC,THg与化学蚀变指数(CIA)的相关系数以及THg含量的垂向分布模式,识别出安宁河断裂带土壤THg剖面的干扰来源、背景来源和断裂带脱气来源,为分析Hg的分布特征与构造活动之间的关系提供参考依据。

English

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  • 图 1  安宁河断裂带和采样点位置图

    Figure 1.  Geologic map of the Anninghe fault zone and sampling sites

    图 2  小庙跨断层土壤气Hg (a)、土壤THg (b) 和TOC (c) 的含量分布图

    Figure 2.  The concentration distribution diagram of gas Hg (a),THg (b) and TOC (c) in soil across Anninghe fault zone in Xiaomiao area

    图 3  紫马跨跨断层土壤气Hg (a)、土壤THg (b) 和土壤TOC (c) 的含量分布图

    Figure 3.  The concentration distribution diagram of gas Hg (a),THg (b) and TOC (c) in soil across Anninghe fault in Zimakua area

    图 4  安宁河断裂带土壤剖面THg (圆点)和TOC (三角形)含量分布图

    Figure 4.  Distribution of THg (dots) and TOC (triangles) concentration of soil profiles in Anninghe fault zone

    图 5  土壤Hg含量垂向分布示意图(据胡振清,1991

    Figure 5.  The sketch map of vertical distribution of Hg concentration in soil (after Hu,1991

    样品编号TFe2O3含量MnO含量样品编号TFe2O3含量MnO含量
    XM-14.45%0.09%ZMK-17.56%0.15%
    XM-24.80%0.09%ZMK-28.05%0.18%
    XM-35.02%0.08%ZMK-37.08%0.09%
    XM-45.38%0.08%ZMK-47.26%0.18%
    XM-55.95%0.10%ZMK-57.91%0.12%
    XM-65.73%0.09%ZMK-66.51%0.09%
    XM-75.14%0.07%ZMK-77.13%0.09%
    XM-84.98%0.06%ZMK-84.82%0.09%
    XM-94.63%0.07%ZMK-9
    XM-104.35%0.08%ZMK-10
    XM-114.11%0.08%

    表 1  安宁河断裂带小庙(XM)和紫马跨(ZMK)跨断层土壤样品数据

    Table 1.  Soil samples data of Xiaomiao (XM) and Zimakua (ZMK) across the Anninghe fault zone

    下载: 导出CSV
    位置采样深度/cmAl2O3含量CaO含量K2O含量Na2O含量CIA
    小庙9015.16%0.52%2.74%1.12%72.46
    8014.66%0.49%2.70%1.09%72.30
    7014.75%0.49%2.66%1.10%72.52
    6014.96%0.46%2.69%1.05%73.17
    5014.26%0.49%2.64%1.09%71.98
    4013.94%0.50%2.62%1.12%71.35
    3014.06%0.55%2.56%1.18%71.08
    2014.26%0.61%2.56%1.24%70.63
    1014.65%0.69%2.62%1.31%70.08
    羊福山9011.46%0.20%2.92%0.55%72.09
    8011.30%0.20%2.80%0.53%72.55
    7010.94%0.18%2.72%0.50%72.73
    6010.40%0.18%2.71%0.46%72.10
    5010.04%0.16%2.73%0.45%71.54
    409.35%0.17%2.67%0.43%70.49
    309.17%0.16%3.11%0.48%67.30
    209.24%0.18%3.15%0.51%66.84
    109.37%0.20%2.91%0.52%68.16
    野鸡洞9013.26%1.00%4.77%2.73%53.58
    8013.79%1.20%4.69%2.34%55.35
    7013.37%1.11%4.35%1.98%57.21
    6015.12%1.37%4.69%2.34%56.94
    5013.22%1.32%4.22%1.92%56.59
    4013.89%1.28%4.70%2.17%55.80
    3012.78%1.21%4.28%1.96%55.92
    2014.34%1.42%4.49%2.31%56.02
    1012.92%1.32%4.34%2.18%54.70
    紫马跨7017.54%2.42%1.68%1.81%69.28
    6017.00%2.45%1.62%1.78%69.06
    5017.63%2.18%1.69%1.68%70.54
    4014.80%2.22%1.55%1.76%66.45
    3014.25%2.55%1.51%1.87%64.65
    2014.53%2.48%1.56%1.97%64.00
    1014.55%2.34%1.63%1.98%63.72

    表 2  安宁河断裂带土壤剖面样品数据

    Table 2.  Data of soil profile samples in the Anninghe fault zone

    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 通讯作者:  刘耀炜, liuyw20080512@126.com
  • 收稿日期:  2018-12-10
  • 录用日期:  2019-01-16
  • 网络出版日期:  2019-03-01
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